:

  •  
                                                          

    (Apitz) (1900-79)

    (Apitz) (1900-79)

    . 1933-45 . " " (1958) . "" (1976) . 20 .

    (; Asian Development Bank)
    - ( )

    (Arminius) (18 16 . . - 19 21 . .)

    :