:

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    28.12.1915 (10.1.1916) - 18.2(2.3).1916, 1- . ( - . . ) 3- ( - --) .

    () (Babbage) (1792-1872)
    ( . ) (. 1929)
    ( . Ferrum - )
    (1838-99)
    1830
    :