:

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    ( 50 ):






    () (Hooke) (1635-1703)

    () (Hooker)


    (1902-50)
    ( -
    (1918-85)
    (1885/86-1970)
    (1822-99)
    - () (1813-73)
    - (1790-1865)
    (1899-1960)
    (Goulart) () (1918-76)
    (1941-90)
    ( 1917 )
    (Gould) (1824-96)
    (1867-1933)
    ( . 1916)
    (1913-89)
    (1874-1960)
    ( 1922

    (1896-1986)

    (Guldberg) (1836-1902)
    ( . Gulden

    (Gullstrand) (1862-1930)

    (1930-86)
    ( . 1935)
    -

    ( . . ) (. 1919)
    (1908-77)
    ( .
    ( . 1914)

    ( . humanus -


    ( . humanitaire


    ()


    ( . . 1632)

    :